International Symposium on
Drylands Ecology and Human Security
Monitoring for Quality Surface Resources
Chuvash State University, Cheboksari, Russia
The Chuvash Republic was among the first to develop the territorial complex scheme of city-planning concentrating on 10 basic principles of steady spatial development of the European continent. We should mention that the suggested scheme generalized the acquired experience of city settling and city building in the Republic, and originated not on the spot. The sustainable development of the Republic is mainly based on the ecological safety principle, because of the high population density in urban area (9 people per 10000 km2 (while the total area of 18,3 km2 houses 17 urban settlements). Water resources and their quality are the key component of ecologic safety; surface waters and rivers are of special importance for the Chuvash Republic. Four of the nine towns are located on the bank of the Volga River, 2 towns are on the right bank of the Sura River, and one town is in-between the Tsivil River and only one town is in watershed area and has no constant water stream. Most of the rural settlements are placed in the vicinity of small rivers, and rivers serve as good water sources for the towns of the Republic. The average water consumption per person is 268 liters a day in urban area, 105 liters in rural area.