International Symposium on
Drylands Ecology and Human Security

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Soil and Water Conservation Practices for Dryland Agriculture

K. Kanaga Sabapathi & J. Vasantha Kumar

Department of Agricultural Extension, Annamalai University, Tamilnadu, India
Presenting Author: Prof. Dr. K. Kanaga Sabapathi



The soil and water conservation practices of tribal community were identified by participant observation and interaction with three hundred tribal respondents. A well-structured and pre-tested interview schedule was used for the collection of data. The identified soil and water conservation practices have been grouped under different classes such as agronomic practices, and biological practices. The extents of adoption of various practices were tabulated using simple percentage analysis. The agronomic practices include summer ploughing, intercultivation, mulching, contour ploughing and harrowing. The biological practices include growing grasses like Andropogen and Vetiver on the bunds to check erosion.