The Intelligent Tutors Applied to the Computer Assisted Learning to Enhance Knowledge as the Framework to Implement the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in the Arab World
Faculty of Sciences, University A/Mira, Bejaia, Algeria
Since the primary education age the man knew through philosophy, a working tool for the resolution of these problems. The projection of technologies gave well thanks to the design, calculation, planning, the strategy of decision and the realization itself of the finished product. With the contribution of the cybernetic tools and automation allows us to define and build methodologies as powerful as possible of introduction and deepening of these new technologies.
In addition, the aging of the programs and the teaching methods, the limitation of the level of the teacher and in consequence of the pupil and finally the limitations budgetary which reduce much and of advantage the level, it is high time to reflect to invent while taking as a starting point the other technologies for our own approaches.
Within Algeria's ongoing reform process, one cannot hope to start the growth and to ensure the modernization of our society without the control of the factors which characterizes it, like science, technology, and the strategies of innovation and anticipation. This control as it is established of share the world, can be generated elsewhere only at the university, the organizations and associations which constitute a true reserve of know-how, scientific, and mean of communication competence.
The appearance of micro the computers in the years 1970 encouraged the researchers in data processing, being interested especially in education, to concentrate of advantage on the new techniques of teaching which allow learning how to acquire new knowledge in conformity with their needs. These environments, which try to model the behavior of a teacher, are called: "Intelligent Tutors".
They are software specialized in the teaching of a particular field, it comprise partially the capacities of a human teacher. However, this software is solidified and isolated. They cannot be configured for other fields, thus they do not support reutilization. The realization of such software remains an expensive operation. To cure these disadvantages, the systems authors were created. They are systems conceived with an aim of discharging the author from the programming work to enable him to devote itself to the teaching contents of its software.
The objective of this article is to offer a multitude of tools intended for the teachers to create achievable intelligent tutors systems. The artificial intelligence is the sector of data processing having milked with the reasoning symbolic system and the resolution of problems. It differs from logic by the fact that it works on clauses and not on general theorems. It also differs from the digital techniques by its preoccupation with an explanation. For that, the first research tasks on this field led to a first operational application "the expert systems ", of which the only goal is to model the behavior of a human expert, achieving a intellectual task in a precise field. These systems being containing knowledge, the representation of knowledge is one of their objective .Thus, to face an increased competition and to give the chance to take up the challenges into 2006, technology has more than need to obtain strategy for performance which are based on the dissemination of information within the university and best taken into account of the environment. The article presents various aspects and practical cases to enhance knowledge as the framework to implement the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in the Arab World.
intelligent tutors, artificial intelligence, hypermedia, hypertext, computer sciences learning,