International Symposium on
Drylands Ecology and Human Security

Go to Arabic site :-)

© 2006 NDRD        Imprint        Disclaimer


Analysis Technical Knowledge of Farmers
Regarding Dryland Sustainable Agriculture in Khuzestan province of Iran

Mohammad Chizari 1, Ahmad Reza Ommani 2, Azadeh N. Noorivandi 3

1Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modaress University, Tehran, Iran
e mail:

2Department of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University-Shoushtar Branch, Iran
e mail:

3 Department of Agriculture, Agricultural and Natural Resources, Ramin University, Ahwaz, Iran
e mail:


The main objective of this article is to present the results of a study done about analysis the technical knowledge of farmers in Khuzestan province regarding dryland sustainable agriculture. The research design was a descriptive and correlation surveying method. Farmers in Khuzestan province who cultivated wheat were the target population for this study. A random sample of wheat farmer selected from three randomly selected township of Ahwaz, Behbahan and Dezful (N=5529, n=359). The concept of sustainable agriculture involves the evolution of a new type of agriculture rich in technology and information, with much less than intensive energy use and market purchased inputs. Thus, sustainability is the successful management of resources to satisfy the challenging human needs, while maintaining or enhancing the quality of environment and conserving natural resources.
The main result of the study revealed that there exist correlation between the level of education, wheat yield, social participation, social status, income, rate of participation in extension and agricultural courses and rate of used communication channels with level of technical knowledge regarding dryland sustainable agriculture were significantly positive. Level of education, income, social participation, social status, rate of participation in extension and agricultural courses and rate of used communication channels may well explain for 79% changes (R2=.790) in technical knowledge level of wheat farmers regarding dryland sustainable agriculture.