International Symposium on
Drylands Ecology and Human Security
Combating Desertification in Morocco
Water, Forestry and Desertification Department
Morocco’s geographical location lies between two climatic zones, the anticyclone of the Azores (to the West) and the Saharan depression (to the Southeast). This location yields a great spatial-temporal climate variation with rainfall ranging from more than 2 meters per year, in the northern heights of the country, to less to less than 25 mm in the desert planes in the South, as well as frequent periodic dry spells. The other main characteristics of the country are population increase and rural migration.
Therefore, the National Action Program (NAP) to Combat Desertification in Morocco represents a basic tool for implementing the United Nation Convention to Combat Desertification. It was in recognition of the importance of this convention and its seminal role that the design of the National Action Plan methodically included a time chart putting ahead the preparation and the success conditions for its implementation.