International Symposium on
Drylands Ecology and Human Security

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Strategies for Management of Dryland Salinity

Azade N. Noorivandi1, Ahmad Reza Ommani2 and Mohammad Chizari3

1 Department of Agriculture, Agricultural and Natural Resources Ramin University, Ahwaz, Iran
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2 Department of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University-Shoushtar Branch, Iran
Presenting Author: Ahmad Reza Ommani:

3 Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, College of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modaress University, Tehran, Iran
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The main objective of this article is to present the results of a study done about the describing strategies for management of dry land salinity. The research design was a descriptive method. Emerging evidence suggests that the situation with dry land salinity in world is worsening. However, significant progress has been made in the management of dry land salinity in the past decade and a half. The impacts of dry land salinity illustrate the social, economic and industry dimensions of natural resource management. Dry land salinity is just one of many symptoms of inappropriate land use and management. The magnitude of the dry land salinity problem and the experience across world, indicate that significant change is required to better manage and live with dry land salinity. Key aspects in facilitating this change will be managing and accepting the social implications, better engaging private sector investment and the development of new industries suited to the changing rural environment. The proposed mechanism is summarized, and used as a basis for identifying potential means of obtaining solutions. The conclusions are discussed in the context of social requirements for agricultural production and conservation to identify potential means of implementing solutions, identifying changes required to achieve desired outcomes. The following solutions explain various options that can help control leakage. Some are available now and others, as noted, have realistic prospects but require additional research. Further too successfully integrate these options into the landscape as a whole will demand a significant research effort in the maintenance and restoration of the native biota and of ecosystem function. Research is also essential to develop incentives for incorporating maintenance and restoration of biodiversity into these current options and future prospects. Important solution includes land preparation, crop diversification, soil fertility, weed control, integrated pest management, using legume plants, soil and water conservation, agro-forestry, and low input sustainable agriculture. These broad components were sub-divided into specific technological components.